Origin of Surname
The name, found in Normandy from the 11th century, is either derived from the Old Norse personal name Hâmundr or from an old French Christian name Hamon, of Germanic origin. Hamon Dentatus revolted against William the Conqueror.
Guillaume Fils Hamon, a Norman lord attached to the court of Henry II, in c. 1155, founded the Abbey of St Helier, so will have had an interest in the Island. Indeed, the most plausible explanation as to the meaning, and therefore the early history, of the large Jersey Fief of Diélament, is that the name is a corruption of "Guille Hamon". The slight mispronunciation is easily understood when considering, among many examples, that on the Noirmont estate is the late General Don`s battery and ruined guard house, named in French "La Garde de Don". Jersey pronunciation has rendered this "La Dgèrde dé Don." If Guillaume Fils Hamon`s family did hold the fief, as seems likely, one or more of them are likely to have lived on the fief, in Jersey, which might explain the presence, in and since the middle ages of a substantial Hamon family, living very close to the present manor, at Les Câteaux.
After the separation of Normandy from England, the above fief seems to have been taken by the Crown, and later granted to the important local family, de Barentin.
With 1650 baptisms between 1564 and 1907 in our database, this is one of the largest families in Jersey since the 16th century.
We have combined Hamon and Hammond baptisms under 'Hamon/Hammond' in the database but are not totally convinced that the two families have a common source despite J Bertrand Payne's statement (below) that the name has more recently been spelt Hammond. That assertion is a sweeping generalisation not born out by family records. 
Payne describes the Bailiff at the time he wrote, Jean Hammond as the senior representative in Jersey of the Hamon family. As our family tree below shows, his ancestors possibly originally spelt their hame Hamon.
While Hamon is undoubtedly of French origin in Jersey, the Hammond family could have come from England, and perhaps adopted the local spelling (or had it imposed on them by Rectors when inserting family records into the parish registers) reverting to Hammond after several generations.
The surname database has the following to say:
- "Recorded as Armand, Hammand, Hammond, Hammant, Hammon and possibly others, this is a famous Anglo-French surname, but one which can be of early Norse-Viking or later French and German origins of which it has three. The first origin is from the Norse-Viking personal name Hamundr, meaning "High protection" and possibly introduced into Britain in about the 7th century. The second is also Norse-Viking and of the same period, but from Amundr, meaning "Ancester protection". Over the centuries the two forms became literally confused and fused. The third possible origin is arguably of German origin from the personal name Haimo meaning Home, but introduced as Hammant by the Norman French invaders of England in 1066. This again became integrated and fused with the two Norse spellings."
Baptisms of members of the Hammond family (but entered as Hamon) can be found in Jersey as far back as the 1670s. There is so much uncertainty about the spelling in some generations that we initially combined all records under Hamon/Hammond. More recent additions, however, have been indexed under one name or the other. Using the links below to search for either Hamon or Hammond will bring up a listing of all records indexed under the single name selected, and all those indexed under a combination of the two. Hamon and Hammond burial records are listed separately, but on a single page.
Variously spelling its name, Hamon, and more lately Hammond, this family has been located in Jersey from a very early date ; and by family tradition, but perhaps without sufficient authority, is considered identical with that powerful baronial house of Hamon of Normandy, one of whose members, William Hamon, founded the famous Abbey of St Helier.
One of the members of the insular family, Nicholas Hammond, filled successively the office of Secretary to the British Embassy at Portugal, and of Secretary to the Governor of the Windward and Leeward Islands. Settling in America, he married, firstly, Mary Cantwell, relict of Colonel Lowe, and secondly, Mary Dijre. His only son, Nicholas Hammond, of Pennsylvania, migrated to his ancestral island, Jersey, where he married Margaret, daughter of James Lempriere, and had issue two sons, Nicholas and James. The elder of these sons went to America, resided on his patrimonial estate there, and died in Maryland. This senior branch is represented by Nicholas Hammond, Barrister-at-law, of Annapolis, and Charles Howse Hammond, banker, of Baltimore, US. In Jersey the family is represented by John Hammond, Bailly of Jersey.
- Hamon, 1274
Early Jersey records
- Hamo, 1172
- Hamun, 1377
- de Amonis, 1309
- Hamonius, 1156
- Hammond, 1299
- Hamond, 1299
- Hamount, c1340
- Hamundus, 1274
- Descendants of Collas Hamon (1565)
- Descendants of Claude Hamon Takes above tree back a generation and expands earlier generations Added in 2018
- Descendants of Charles Hamon
- Descendants of Thomas Hamon
- Descendants of Thomas Hamon - 2, a different Thomas Added 2020
- Descendants of Guille Hamon (1500)
- Descendants of Jourdain Hamon (1470)
- Descendants of Germain Hamon
- Descendants of Collas Hamon
- Descendants of Charles Hamon and Rachel Bisson
- Descendants of Jean Hamon and Elizabeth Renaud
- Descendants of Nicolas Hammond
- Descendants of Jourdain Hamon
- Descendants of Thomas Hamon and Esther Romeril Added 2016
- Descendants of Jean Francois Hamon Added 2019
- Descendants of Philippe Hamon Added 2021
- Descendants of Philippe Hamon and Jeanne Nicolle Added 2023
- Hamon baptisms in Jersey
- Hamon marriages in Jersey (groom)
- Hamon marriages in Jersey (bride)
- Hamon burials in Jersey
- Hammond baptisms in Jersey
- Hammond marriages in Jersey (groom)
- Hammond marriages in Jersey (bride)
- Hammond burials in Jersey
- Hamon or Hammond, a 1908 history by the Rev J A Messervy
- The Hamons and Hammonds of Jersey and USA
- Hamons of Creully and Sark
- J A Hamon
- A pioneer aviator in Australia, but not a Jersey Hammond, although there is a link
Great War service
- A terrible drowning tragedy at Greve de Lecq, how Samuel Hamon and three friends lost their lives in 1890
Emigrant to Canada
Occupation curfew cards
Two versions of the Hamon pre-1500 arms, researched by Julian Wilson
- Hamons of King Street
- Clement Hamon owned 40 King Street and traded there in the 1870s as a china and glass dealer ...
- ... Clement Hamon had earlier run his business across the road at 41 King Street from the mid-1830s
- Philip Hamon was a draper at 45 and 45a King Street in the 1860s and '70s
- Silversmith George Hamon was in business at 48 King Street in the 1830s
- Philip Hamon ran 'refreshment rooms' at 59 King Street in the 1910s
- Alliance Fire Office agent John Hammond had offices at 1 Queen Street in the 1839s
- Fanny Hamon was a milliner at 12 Broad Street
Click on any image to see a full-size version [[File:FN23HamonBrothers2.hs="300px" heights="450px" align=center style= "color: darkgreen;font-family:garamond;font-size:12pt;font-weight: normal;text-align:center;font-style: italic;letter-spacing: 1px; cellspacing= 30px;padding: 20px 20px 30px 20px;"> File:FN23Mr&MrsHamon.png|Carpenter James (1849- ) and Anne Hamon, nee Le Brocq, (1854- ), living at Highlands Farm, St Lawrence, in 1881 File:FN23AliceJaneHamon.png|Alice Jane Hamon (1880- ) daughter of James and Anne File:FN23HamonSons.png|Four sons of James and Anne: James Philip (1886- ), John Francis (1888- ), Sydney de Gruchy (1892- ) and Alfred Alexander (1894- ) </gallery></center>
A Hamon family portrait by Ernest Baudoux
Hammond brothers photographed by Ernest Baudoux
Nancy Le Moignan (1835-1900), daughter of Charles (1808-1881) and Elizabeth, nee Le Couteur (1807-1938). She married Philip Hamon (1838-1924) in St John in 1862 and they had four children
Click on any image to see a larger version. See the Jerripedia gravestone image collection page for more information about our gravestone photographs
The church record links above will open in a new tab in your browser and generate the most up-to-date list of each set of records from our database. These lists replace earlier Family page baptism lists, which were not regularly updated. They have the added advantage that they produce a chronological listing for the family name in all parishes, so you do not have to search through A-Z indexes, parish by parish.
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Notes and references
- ↑ Jerripedia editor Mike Bisson has Hammonds in his own family tree:'They appear over two centuries back, and I am not convinced that they have any connection with Hamons, except perhaps through errors of recording or transcription. It will be seen from the burial records that over the past 200 years, which should be a representative guide to the prevalence of the two names, that Hamon is by far the more common of the two family names, which tends to suggest that Payne was wrong when he wrote some 150 years ago'
- ↑ These cards are held by Jersey Archive. Visit The Archive online catalogue for more information. A subscription may be needed to view some of the site's content