Origin of Surname
As with de Grouchy, otherwise de Gruchy, qv, the family is thought to have originated at Grouchy, on the borders of the Cotentin and Bessin in Lower Normandy. The name is Viking in origin, derived from the old Norse personal name Geirolfr, meaning Spear-wolf. The `ey` is Norse for an island or isle, making a place name, the "Isle of Spearwolf". Many Norse personal names at that date incorporated wolf. Other Jersey examples are Renouf, Esnouf and, originally, Hascoulfr (now Hacquoil). The first syllable of Grouville is thought to have similar roots.
Guillaume Grouchye bought from Thomas de St Martin, in 1439, two fields in Trinity on the Fief de la Trinité, one being described as situated to the north-east of Grouchye's house. These fields are no doubt those retaining the name Clos Gruchy (T.340 and 1299), a few hundred metres to the north-east of Champs Clairs, in the west of the parish, a property long associated with the Descendants of Rauff Gruchy: ABSJ, IV, 422. Guillaume, therefore, may well have been Rauff's father or grandfather. Of significance, is a contract in the possession of the Jersey Archive, dated 1402, in which are featured the names of Rauf (Radolphus) and Guillemet de Grochie, both being tenants of the said Fief de la Trinité, in the west of the parish. Guillemet is a variant of Guillaume. Should the Guillaume living in 1402 have been either the 1439 land purchaser or his father, then the link between the Gruchys and de Gruchys is likely to have been discovered; see Descendants of Robin de Gruchy (1360), footnote 29.
Four Gruchys, being Colas, Guillaume, Nicolas and Raffe are found in the Jersey Chantry Certificate of 1550, although Collas and Nicolas may have been identical, as these names were in this century, often regarded as interchangeable.
Early family members include Ralph Gruchy, who was born about 1440 and Jennette Gruchy (1434).
Payne`s Armorial of Jersey, (1st Section, 1858), the Reverend J A Messervy and other Jersey genealogists have long viewed the Gruchys and de Gruchys as being two parts of the same family, of which one part, in the early 16th century, abbreviated their name by omitting the "de". The branches of de Gruchy and Gruchy have since then developed separately, albeit wthin, at first, the same parish of Trinity. The two names have, understandably, become so confused in Jersey church records that we combined the records under 'de Gruchy/Gruchy' in our baptism database.
We later regretted doing so and one of our team spent some considerable time separating the two, to ensure that each is correctly identified as a Gruchy or de Gruchy.
In the form Gruchy, this family has given to the Island four rectors, three constables and two Jurats. Two Gruchys have served as deputies in the States of Jersey. Those in Holy Orders were, before the Reformation, Sire Drouet Grouchy in 1541 and Sire John Gruchy in 1547. The latter was Rector of St Mary 1553-1574. The Reverend Olivier Gruchy was then Rector of St Clement 1595-1614, the year of his death. Rev. Daniel Gruchy was Rector of St Peter 1627-1651 and Rector of St Mary 1660-1677, and the Rev. Sorel John Gruchy was Rector of St Mary 1896-1915.
In England, the Rev. Luke Gruchy was Vicar of Thorley, Isle of Wight, 1633-1663.
The Gruchy constables were all of Trinity: Josué Gruchy 1697-1712; François Gruchy 1809-1812 and Charles Gruchy, formerly Deputy for Trinity, who became its constable, 1864-1868, and was then elected Jurat. He died in 1900. In recent times, the late Charles Gruchy of Champs Clairs followed in the footsteps of his forbear, in becoming a Jurat.
The arms of Gruchy and de Gruchy are identical, namely "Or, a fretty of six pieces, azure"
- de Gruchy: Although now known to be connected, it is treated as a separate family with its own page
- Grouchy 1515, 1541
- Grouchye 1439
- Grochie 1547
- Gruchie 1607
- Grussy c1340
- Grouche 1309
- Descendants of Francois Gruchy
- Descendants of Francois Gruchy - 2 Added 2020
- Descendants of Jean Gruchy
- Descendants of Pierre Gruchy
- Descendants of Rauff Gruchy Added 2019
- Descendants of Philip Gruchy Added 2021
- Descendants of Jean Gruchy and Elizabeth Esthur Added 2023
Some family records for Gruchy may still be mixed in with de Gruchy, but we believe that we have isolate most of them
- Gruchy baptisms in Jersey
- Gruchy marriages in Jersey (groom)
- Gruchy marriages in Jersey (bride)
- Gruchy burials in Jersey
Biographies and histories
Great War service
- Beaupre, St Helier
- Champs Clairs, Trinity
- Crossbow House, Trinity
- Greenhill, St Clement
- Herupe, St John
- Carrefour House, St Martin
- Francis Gruchy was a baker at 64 King Street in the 1860s ... followed by three of his daughters who were milliners
... Miss Gruchy appears to have traded on her own at No 45 King Street and then moved to No 64 when joined in business by her sister, after their father retired as a baker
Louis Whitley and Eileen, nee Gruchy
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